Islamic Hijri Calendar is of great significance in the Muslim world having 12 months in the Islamic calendar each one of which has its impact. The Islamic Hijri calendar is also recognized as the “lunar calendar”. They are based on the fluctuating of the moon and contain about 30 days in each month because of the moon’s shape and movements. Allah Almighty says in the Holy Quran: “It is He Who made the sun a shining light and the moon a derived light and determined for it phases – that you may know the number of years and account (of time). Allah has not created this except in truth. He details the signs for a people who know.” (Quran, 10: 5). So, Quran is telling and everything about moon movements and changes in day or night respectively. If you want complete information regarding this, must learn Quran deeply. We should be thankful for the latest technology that made learning Quran online easy. QuranHost is one of the excellent website providing great services and qualified tutors for Quranic teachings.
Facts about Hijri Calendar
The Hijri calendar endures being broadly used by Muslims around the world to regulate important Islamic days on which they notice annual fasting, to attend the major pilgrimage, Hajj, & to rejoice in other Islamic holidays and rites.
First Usage of Hijri Calendar
Hazarat Umar (RA) started the use of the Hijri calendar over others used during his time. This was done when Muslim lands prolonged far & wide and a complaint of debt reach Umar (RA). They knew the month but were muddled over the year.
Hijrah was the beginning point of the Hijri Calendar. It was then decided that the starting point for this calendar would be the Hijrah i.e., migration of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (SAW) from Makkah to Madinah. It is so because Hijrah was measured as the paramount event that recognized the Islamic nation.
Difference between Hijri and Lunar Calendar
Hijri Calendar is dissimilar from the lunar calendar. The lunar calendar is established on astronomical calculations, with each year adding up to about 354.37 days. While the Hijri Calendar is based on the sighting of the moon. Each numbered year in Hijri Calendar is designated either “H” for Hijra or “AH” for the Latin Anno Hegirae (in the year of the Hijra). The Hijri calendar has 354 days in a year. In contrast to the 365 days of the Gregorian calendar.
Holy months of Muslims
4 months in the Hijri calendar are deliberated holy by Muslims. Muharram, Rajab, Dhul Qi’dah, and Dhul Hijjah.
The 8th month of the Hijri Calendar is Shaban, which factually means scattered or separation. In ancient Arabia this month marked the time of year when Arab tribes discrete to find water.
The 10th month in the Hijri Calendar is Shawwal, which accurately means to raise or lift. This was the time when she-camels would normally be carrying a fetus.
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