Qurbani also known as Udhiyah in Arabic is a religious practice in Islam performed on Eid ul Adha which falls on the 10th-12th Dhull Hajj. It involves sacrificing an animal as an act of worship and remembering Prophet Ibrahim’s willingness to sacrifice his son for the love of Allah.
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In following the footsteps of Prophet Ibrahim, Muslims on Eid ul Adha obey Allah’s command, purify their hearts of selflessness, and foster unity by distributing wealth among the less fortunate.
The Eligibility for Qurbani:
Qurbani is eligible for every Muslim of a sound mind (not mentally ill, or retarded) who possesses wealth in excess of his needs and meets the Nisab of Qurbani. Usually, it is stated for understanding purposes that whoever is eligible for Zakat is eligible for Qurbani.
However, not everyone who is eligible for Qurbani is eligible for Zakat. They are both different practices and should not be confused with one another.
Qurbani Nisab 2023:
The Nisab of Qurbani in 2023 is equal to
£397.41/509.56 USD using the value of 612.36 grams of Silver
£4526.43/5804 USD using the value of 87.48 grams of gold.
So anyone who possesses wealth equal to excessive to the Nisab mentioned should perform the Qurbani.
Types of Animals for Qurbani and their minimum age requirement:
According to the Islamic teachings and rules of Qurbani, the below-listed animals can both be male and female. The eligibility is based on factors including health, age, and disabilities.
- Sheep/Goat are the most commonly used animal for Qurbani and is a widely accepted animals for sacrifice. It should be at least 1 year old and in good health without any disabilities to be eligible for sacrifice
- Cow/Bulls are also the types of animals eligible for Qurbani. They should be in good health and should generally be 2 years old to use them for sacrifice.
- Camels are not widely used for Qurbani but are used in some parts of the world, as they are quite expensive. They should be at least 5 years old and in good health to be eligible for Qurbani.
The custom of Checking Teeth to determine Animal eligibility:
The number of teeth in a Qurbani animal is checked to determine its age and eligibility for sacrifice. It’s a traditional practice and serves as an indicator of an animal’s maturity. A general guideline that is followed is that
Typically, a sheep or goat should at least have two permanent incisor teeth (the front teeth in the lower jaw), and Cow/Bull should at least have 6 permanent incisor teeth (the front upper and lower teeth)
It is important to note here that checking teeth is just common practice and should not be the only element determining an animal’s eligibility for sacrifice. Other factors like age and perfect health condition should be taken into account as well.
12 Guidelines to follow while conducting Qurbani.
- The first and foremost act while conducting a Qurbani is to keep your intentions pure and conduct the sacrifice only for seeking Allah’s pleasure.
- Select the animals that are eligible for the sacrifice according to Islamic teachings. The eligible animals are typically sheep, goats, cows, buffalo, and camels.
- Take care of the health and well-being of animals. Choose the ones that are healthy, free from infections, disabilities, and major defects, and in good condition for sacrifice.
- Pay attention to the age requirement as per the type of animal. According to Islamic teachings, the recommended age for sheep, and goats is 1 year, For Cows and Bulls, two years, and for Camel is 5 years.
- Refrain from cutting hair and nails for 10 days i-e since 1st Dhull Hajj till the 10th Dhull Hajj ( if you are doing Qurbani on the first day, otherwise till your Qurbani is done)
- Take proper care of the animal brought for the sacrifice, and give it good food and purified water.
- Sacrifice in the Qurbani animal in the recommended time frame. After the Eid ul Adha namaz and before the sunset on Eid’s third day.
- Follow a proper Islamic method of slaughtering the animal. The method involves making a swift act across the throat of the sacrificed animal while reciting Allah’s name
- Use a sharp knife and take care not to sharpen it in front of the sacrificing animal.
- Also, take care not to pull the animal by the rope through which it is tied, force him to race, or give it any kind of Physical pain.
- Divide the Qurbani meat into three portions. One for yourself, one for your family, and one for the poor and ensure its equal distribution.
- Do not take unnecessary pride in Qurbani and hurt those who cannot afford it by showcasing them the Qurbani animal or meat.
Performing Qurbani on Behalf of Others:
Qurbani can be performed on behalf of others and this act is permissible in Islam. It is a great responsibility and should be done with intensive care and pure intentions. However, there are some guidelines that we should follow while doing so.
Permission and Authorization:
To perform Qurbani on behalf of someone who is alive, it is essential to seek their permission and take their consent.
Qurbani is a sacred and obligatory religious act. Make a clear intention that you are performing it on behalf of a specific individual and also mention their name during the sacrifice.
Selection of Animal:
Select an eligible animal based on Islamic guidelines.
While you are performing Qurbani on behalf of a specific individual, your responsibility is to ensure that all the cost of Qurbani is covered by the person you are performing it for. It is their responsibility to settle all the funds and arrange the money.
The meat should be distributed as per the instructions of the person for whom you performed the sacrifice. You can either send all the meat to that person or let it distribute among family, friends, and the less fortunate, or you can distribute it for them, and send the person its share. It all depends on the wish of the person.
Performing Qurbani on the behalf of Dead:
Performing Qurbani on the behalf of dead is a virtuous act and is considered “Sadaqah Jariyah”. It does have some restrictions and is based on the sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad (SAW) and the practices of his companions who followed him afterward.
If performed under the proper conditions, performing Udhiya on the behalf of dead benefits both the deceased and the one performing it.
It is important to take the name of the deceased person during Qurbai.
The Timeframe for Qurbani:
The timeframe for performing Qurbani is during the Islamic month Dhull Hijjah which is the last and 12th month of the Islamic lunar calendar. It is performed on the days of Eid ul Adha which falls on the 10th, 11th, and 12th of Dhul Hajj.
It is a traditional and recommended method to perform Qurbani on the first day after Eid’s namaz.
Fulfilling Qurbani with QuranHost:
Quran Host is now providing an opportunity of performing Qurbani on your behalf. You can select an animal of your choice whether sheep, goat, or cow, and the Team Quran host will do the Qurbani on your end.
The Qurbani’s meat is distributed among its poor staff who can’t afford to do it on their own. Other than staff, the meat is distributed among 500 needy families.
With Quranhost, you can fulfill your Qurbani while also participating in the sadaqah Jariyah.
Quran Host Qurbani Options
Quran Host gives you 4 viable options to fulfill your religious obligation
- Donate Goat Share GBP/ ₤ 125
- Donate Cow Share GBP/ ₤ 100
- Donate Goat Share USD/ $ 160
- Donate Cow Share USD / $ 125
Faqs about Qurbani 2023 :
When is Qurbani Eid 2023?
Qurbani Eid 2023 date has not been finalized yet but it’s expected to fall on 28-29 June 2023. The dates can change as per moon sighting.
Qurbani is one of the most prestigious religious acts in Islam and is celebrated by Muslims all over the world with great devotion. Its purpose extends far beyond the mere slaughter of animals. It’s an act of spiritual purification, caring for the needy ones, and promotion of peace among family and community.