The hadith Jibriel is the single most important hadith. Its narrative contains the best summary of the core of Islam: Islam which is described with the “Five Pillars of Islam” and “six articles of faith”. Islam & Imaan according to Hadith Jibril
Incident of Hadith Jibril
One day while the Prophet (ﷺ) was sitting in the company of some people, (The angel) Jibril (a.s) came and asked, “What is faith?” Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) replied, ‘Faith is to believe in Allah, His angels, His books, (the) meeting with Him, His Apostles, and to believe in Resurrection.” Then he further asked, “What is Islam?” Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) replied: “To worship Allah Alone and none else, to offer prayers perfectly to pay the compulsory charity (Zakat) and to observe fasts during the month of Ramadan and make the pilgrimage to the House if you are able to go there.“………….
Then that man (Jibril) left and the Prophet (ﷺ) asked his companions to call him back. But they could not see him. Then the Prophet (ﷺ) said, “That was Gabriel who came to teach the people their religion.” Abu ‘Abdullah said: He (the Prophet) considered all that as a part of faith.
Islam according to Hadith Jibril
When asked by angel Jibril(a.s) what is Islam? Our Holy Prophet (PBUH) replied that it is to worship Allah and accept that he is the only Supreme being. No other can be worshipped other than him which is also the first pillar of Islam Tauheed. The second thing was to offer prayers and be punctual which is Salaat. The third thing was to pay charity in the way of Allah, Zakat. The fourth point was to fast in the month of Ramadan which is to eat nothing from dawn to dusk in order to please the Almighty, Roza. The last to make a pilgrimage to the House of Allah, Hajj. These are also the five pillars of Islam and are obligatory for every Muslim to follow.
Iman according to Hadith Jibril
Hazrat Jibril (a.s) asked the Holy Prophet (PBUH) what is Iman (faith)? Our Holy Prophet (PBUH) replied Iman is to have belief in Allah, to have doubts about His existence. Then to believe in His angels, all of them. Some of angles are HazratJibriel (a.s), HazratIsrael (a.s), HazratMikael (a.s), HazratIsrafel (a.s). After that, he said Iman is to believe in all the previous books before the Holy Quran, Taurait, Zaboor, and Injeel. It is to have faith that one day we will stand in front of Almighty Allah and be accountable for our deeds.
Then it is to have complete faith in all the prophets sent by Allah to many different nations, in order to spread the righteous words and call people towards the right path, towards Allah s.w.t and lastly to have faith in the resurrection which means to come to life after death, on the day of judgment every single human being to have walked the Earth will come to life and wait for their reward or punishment based on their deeds.
Hadith Jibrail is the most important and core surah of the Quran. As it gives the gist of all the Quran it describes the “five pillars of Islam” and “six articles of faith”. The incident of Hadith Jibrail happened as the Holy Prophet was sitting with the companions and Jibrail (A.S) came and taught the principles of Islam. The five Pillars outlined that there is only one Allah and he is omnipotent and to offer prayers, Zakat and Hajj are obligatory.
These pillars are essential for any Muslim as these are the foundations of Islam. To believe in Allah means having faith in Islam and to believe Prophet Muhammad as his last prophet and Quran is revealed upon him is also a sign of a believer and follower (having iman). To believe in 4 holy books, all the prophets and angels are also a sign of powerful iman. One must possess these principles and beliefs as these are necessary to be a Muslim.