Fatimah Bint Muhammad, Also known as Fatimah Zahra holds a deep respect in the heart of every Muslim. She is Prophet Muhammad’s (SAW) and his first wife Hazrat Khadijah’s fifth daughter. She played a significant role in supporting her father’s mission and stayed strong in her beliefs during challenging times.
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Through her exemplary character, unparalleled devotion to Islam fights for social justice, and contributions to women’s empowerment and women’s rights, she is considered one of the most influential women in Islamic history
The Family of Fatimah bint Muhammad
Fatimah Bint Muhammad was married to Ali ibn Abi Talib, cousin of Prophet Muhammad (SAW) and he was also the fourth Caliph of Islam. They had five children. Hasan ibn Ali, the eldest son and is also considered one of the twelve Shia imams.
The second son of Hazrat Fatimah was Hussain ibn Ali, he is also a revered figure in Shia Islam and is mostly known for embracing martyrdom in the Battle of Karbala. Her third son was Mohsin Ibn Ali, who is said to have died in infancy.
She also had two daughters, Zainab Bint Ali, who played a vital role during the Battle of Karbala by preserving and disseminating its events. Her second daughter was Umme Kulthum bint, Ali.
Early Life and Upbringing
Fatimah Bint Muhammad was born in Mecca in 605 CE. She was the fifth daughter of Prophet Muhammad (SAW) and his first wife Hazrat Khadija (RA). Her upbringing was done house full of wisdom by the most prestigious personalities in Islam.
She had been through the hands of Prophet Muhammad (SAW), Hazrat Khadijah, and Bibi Amna’s ( Mother of Prophet Muhammad SAW) servant Barakah who had been in the house since the Prophet’s birth.
Fatimah also lost her mother when she was very young and experienced solace in an early rage. She was raised by the Prophet Muhammad SAW. The Prophet’s daughter was 5 years old when she came to know that her Father Prophet Muhammad (SAW) was the messenger of Allah
Although she was very young to understand its meaning, Hazrat Khadijah guided her and told her exactly what Nobel gift had they been blessed with.
Fatimah thus had an education that was rooted deeply in Islam and her prime source of guidance had been her father. Although the documented systems of education didn’t exist at that time, but since she observed her father’s activities closely, and used to be present during Quran revelations with Prophet, she received a comprehensive Islam education through his teachings and beliefs in tackling various aspects of life.
Marriage to Ali
Fatimah bint Muhammad’s marriage to Ali ibn Abi Talib is of significant importance in Islam for various reasons. Their marriage sheds light on one of the most stressful issues that persist even today- the utilization of the right of asking girl’s consent towards marriage.
Hazrat Ali was the close companion and cousin of Prophet Muhammad (SAW), Yet when he sent a proposal for Fatimah, Prophet Muhammad asked for his daughter’s consent and then proceeded toward the marriage.
Fatimah and Ali’s union is a model for Muslims as it highlights the importance of love, mutual support, and companionship in a relationship
Role as a mother
The Prophet daughter Fatima Bint e Muhammad raised her kids the same way as she was raised. She nurtured her kids with Islamic teachings, taught them the oneness of God, and briefed them about the importance of worship and prayer in light of all the guidance she acquired.
Beyond their spiritual upbringing, Fatimah (RA) also taught her children social responsibilities and always encouraged them to help and support others.
All of her children played their part in embracing and preaching Islam, However, her two sons Hassan and Hussain hold a noticeable importance in Islamic history. They were also the only surviving grandsons of Prophet Muhammad (SAW).
Fatimah’s Son Hassan Ibn Ali was was a symbol of peace and wisdom and helped the Muslim community during critical times.
Fatima’s youngest Son Hussain Ibn Ali is remembered in Islamic history for the bravery he showed against the oppressive ruler Yazid at the battle of Karbala and embraced martyrdom in the same. Imam Hussain’s sacrifice is commemorated every year by the Shia community in high esteem
The Battle of Uhud
The battle of Uhud is the second most significant battle in Islamic history in which the Muslim army fought the Quraish army in the valley of Mount Uhud. During this battle, Fatimah Bint Muhammad forwarded immense support despite being physically absent from the battlefield.
When she received the news of initial setbacks, she remained calm and composed and had full faith in Allah’s wisdom and plan.
She continuously prayed for the success of the Muslim soldiers and participated tirelessly in treating the wounded and injured soldiers. She also distributed resources to the families who lost their dear ones in the battle and ensured to stood with them through thick and thin.
The Sermon of Fadak
The Sermon of Fadak refers to a historical speech delivered by Fatimah Bint Muhammad (SAW) after the demise of her father.
In the Sermon of Fadak, Fatimah bravely demanded to inherit Ahl al Bayt, the Prophet Muhammad’s household (SAW) household, saying the piece of land had been gifted to her by her father. She further elaborated that the land was theirs and therefore it should be unjustly taken away.
Her speech sheds light on the importance of Justice and how the inheritance of property should right be done.
The House of Fatimah
The house of Fatimah is called by the term Ahl Ah Bayt and is located in Madina Munawara. During the extension of Masjid e Nabwi, the house of Fatimah Zahra was also included in it.
Fatimah’s Relationship with Aisha
Fatimah’s relationship with Aisha, one of the wives of Prophet Muhammad (SAW) is often described as complex. They were both from different generations and Fatimah was considerably younger than her.
Fatimah respected Aisha’s closeness to the Prophet and admired her teachings however, historical events have also shown tension between the two at times
The Event of Saqifah
The event of Saqifah explains the selection of a Caliph after the death of Prophet Muhammad. To decide who would be the one who would lead the Muslim community after his demise.
During the event, Fatimah and her husband Ali and a group of supporters were of the opinion for Hazrat Ali (RA) was the right candidate as Ali (RA) was chosen by the Prophet himself to be one of his successors.However, the decision-making group at Saqifah selected Hazrat Abu Bakr (RA) because he was one of the senior companions.
Although the decision did not align with Fatimah’s expectations, She still remained steadfast in her support of Hazrat Ali’s rightful claim of leadership.
Her role in the event highlights the importance of her standing firm with the sayings of Prophet Muhammad (SAW) and also shows timely political tensions that arrived after Prophet’s demise.
Demise and Mourning
Fatimah Bint Muhammad died in her early thirties in 623 CE, shortly after her father’s demise. Although there are no accurate historical evidences showcasing the exact cause of her death.
During her last days, Fatimah experienced immense sorrow due to her father passing and challenges and disagreements that arise afterward. This subjection to pressure rapidly deteriorated her health.
Fatimah’s passing came out as a profound loss for the Muslim community and was characterized by deep sadness as they mourned the loss of the Prophet’s beloved daughter.
Summary and Conclusion
Fatimah bint e Muhammad led a remarkable life that is of immense significance in Islamic history. Her legacy as a devoted daughter, lovable wife, caring mother and an advocate of the justice is a source of in inspiration for every women.
FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
What is the significance of Fatimah bint Muhammad in Islam?
Fatimah Bint e Muhammad holds immense significance in Islam. She is known for her bravery, fight for the justice and generous nature.
Who was Fatimah bint Muhammad?
Fatimah Bint Muhammad was the daughter of Prophet Muhammad and His first wife Hazrat Khadijah daughter.
This blog talked about the life of Prophet daughter Fatima Bint e Muhammad and how her life is an example for everyone. QuranHost has brought an opportunity for every believer to learn everything about islam and other teachings of Islam. Come and get a free trial class to join QuranHost.